Stiff, smooth-edged, medium to dark green leaves closely set along the stalk have very sharp spikes at their tips. Yucca, also known as Soapweed, Spanish Bayonet, and other popular names, grows in deserts throughout the world. Spanish bayonet was introduced from the Southwest and has escaped from cultivation, but our other two yuccas are native. long and 1- to 2-inch (2.5-5 cm.) Leaves are 2 1/2' long and 2" wide. Spanish bayonet, or Adam’s needle ( Yucca smalliana ; formerly Y. filamentosa or Y. flaccida ), has stout, scaly flower stalks topped by a panicle of many flowers, arising above a large basal cluster of stout, sharp-pointed, leathery leaves. The base of the flowering portion of the flower clusters is not raised above the leaves, and the leaves are spine-tipped. Soapweed (Yucca glauca) is one of two yuccas native to Missouri. Spanish bayonet occurs on roadsides, railroads, abandoned homes, and gardens. Three species of yucca may be found growing wild in Missouri. 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Spanish Bayonet (Yucca Aloifolia) Shrub containing green leaves with white outer edges. The Spanish bayonet is but one of about 30 known species. English names: blue yucca, Spanish bayonet, Thornber yucca Spanish names: dátil (date), palma criolla (creole or native palm) Description. A crisp texture. Height: to about 7 feet (flowering stalk). Width: 3 ft. 0 in. Blooms May–July. It is native to North America and may be grown to a height of 25 feet. Yucca aloifolia L. was described by Linnaeus in 1753 (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016), and is the type species for the genus Yucca.It was earlier described by Caspar Bauhin in 1623 as Draconi arbori affinis Americana (Sargent, 1896).There are many forms and varieties of the species (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016). Spanish bayonet yucca grows 15 feet (4.5 m.) in height. Its scientific name is Yucca aloifolia. Scientific name: Yucca spp. It was introduced to Missouri from the Southwest. Often these fruits are dried, ground, and made into small cakes to be used during the winter. The fragrant, bell- shaped flowers of Spanish bayonet are white with tinges of light purple, and appear in spring or summer on tall spikes at the center of the plant , high above the foliage. They are dark green with entire margins, smooth, rarely finely denticulate, acuminate, with a sharp brown terminal spine. Fruit is a large, papery capsule with hundreds of flat, black seeds. It’s found only in the northwestern corner of the state and is uncommon. The Spanish bayonet is but one of about 30 known species. Other uses of the herb: Also known as aloe yucca and dagger yucca, Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) is a hardy yucca plant that grows in zones 8-12. During early to mid summer, the yucca plant sends up an asparagus like stalk, which them opens up into beautiful flowers. Yucca smalliana, Y. glauca, and Y. arkansana. They are delicious raw, or can be dried, crushed and used as a flavouring. Quantity − + Only 15 items in stock! While Spanish bayonet is great for providing year-round greenery, gardeners who'd like a little more color can try one of several culitvars, including 'Marginata' with yellow margined leaves, or 'Tricolor' with green and white leaves. photograph by Forest and Kim Starr. A very nice antique Spanish Bayonet Model 1893, length 37,5 cm, in very good condition. Ethnobotany is a fascinating and useful field of study, blending the study of plants with anthropology and history. Terracotta Planters ... Spanish Bayonet | Yucca Variegata Regular price R 198.95 / Shipping calculated at checkout. Plant yuccas in full sunlight and a well drained soil. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. and the leaves are very sharp. sockets, where the Spanish-made bayonets had a 3 in. This yucca forms irregular rising stems, usually 1 to 3 per plant. That's probably where one variety of yucca is known as "spanish bayonet", because the leaves really do look like swords. The outer halves of the leaves on Spanish dagger also bend toward the ground, whereas those on Spanish bayonet do not. It's one of two Yucca species native to South Florida, the other being Adam's needle, Yucca filamentosa , which is found throughout the eastern United States, but is rare in this region. By learning about the many ways people have cultivated and used plants across the world, we not only understand the intertwined history of plants and people but also get new ideas for developing plants in useful ways. When the soapweed yucca plant blooms, it produces pale green-white flowers on the end of a flowering stem that is 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Evergreen shrub with sword-like tough leaves. Acalypha Hispada (Chenille) Beautiful hanging red flowers. Other common names Spanish bayonet dagger plant . Spanish Bayonet grows from southeastern California through Utah and along the Texas Mexico Border. Yucca baccata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.9 m (3ft) at a slow rate. Considered to be a luxury by the native North American Indians, the fruits were often baked in ovens. As the common name implies, Spanish bayonet yucca has very sharp, dagger-like foliage. The tender young flower stalks, as they are just rising from the basal leaves, can be cooked and eaten like asparagus. Different botanists have interpreted the relationships of these plants in different ways. "The large fleshy fruits are an important fruit among the native Californians, especially the Navajos who eat them raw or roasted. Soapweed, or soapweed yucca (Yucca glauca), is a native that, in Missouri, is found only in the northwestern corner of the state (Holt and Atchison counties). For fuller, healthier looking plants, Spanish bayonet can be cut back to 1-3 feet (.3-.9 m.) tall every 10-15 years. Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more! The cold-hardy yucca thrives in USDA zones 4 – 8. Yuccas are tremendously useful. Stiff, dense leaves are medium green with sharp points. Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet, dagger plant); Habit at Garden of Eden Keanae, Maui, Hawaii. Because of this, Spanish bayonet is often used in security plantings placed beneath windows around the home or as a living security fence. Many recipes recommend removing the pistils and other reproductive parts of the flower (which may be bitter) and just using the petals. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Extended 2-foot pinacles of cream white flowers appear in summer. These 12- to 30-inch (30-76 cm.) Another soapweed, sometimes called Arkansas yucca (Y. arkansana), is a native that in our state is found only in the southern portion of Missouri’s Ozarks, along the Arkansas border. Spanish bayonet. As its name suggests, the leaves are long and sword-like. The Spanish bayonet multi-stemmed yucca plant is one of the most ornamental of the yucca species. Allowing the plant to grow in clumps helps provide support to larger stems. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. These 12- to 30-inch (30-76 cm.) Leaves are 2 1/2' long and 2" wide. Manfreda virginica (formerly Agave virginica), spanish_bayonet_leaf_filaments_7-11-14.jpg, Story of C. V. Riley, Yucca Moths, and Yucca Plants, Star School Hill Prairie Conservation Area, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Also known as aloe yucca and dagger yucca, Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) is a hardy yucca plant that grows in zones 8-12. It has a slow to moderate growth habit and will grow in full sun to part shade. Spanish bayonet was introduced from the Southwest and has escaped from cultivation, but our other two yuccas are native. However, the yucca can afford that price because the female moth possesses specialized anatomy and even special behaviors to cross-fertilize the flowers as she deposits her eggs. Spanish bayonet yucca is an evergreen in zones 9-12 but it can suffer from frost damage in zone 8. Very well drained soil and sun; hardy to -15°C or so. The tough leaves can be used for basketry and to make a fibre, also split and used as twine. Once established, it is drought and salt tolerant, making it and excellent candidate for seaside gardens or xeriscaping. Feed with a slow-release or organic fertilizer only if you want the plant to grow faster. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org, Spanish Bayonet (Adam’s Needle) (Flowers). This evergreen shrub grows 10 - 15 ft (3 to 5 m) tall and 3 - 5 ft (0.9 to 1.5 m) wide. A certain type of moth fertilizes yuccas, while she deposits her eggs into the flower’s ovary. Yucca plants have spiky, sharp leaves, that grow out from a central point. As plants mature, they may become top heavy and flop over. The white inner portion of the flowering stem can be peeled, cooked and eaten. Family Asparagaceae . A thick, succulent mass of bitter-sweet juicy flesh. Yuccas are in the same family as agaves, and the famous Joshua trees of the American Southwest are species Y. brevifolia. The diversity of nonwoody vascular plants is staggering! [1913 Webster] {Spanish bayonet} (Bot. This evergreen shrub grows 10 - 15 ft (3 to 5 m) tall and 3 - 5 ft (0.9 to 1.5 m) wide. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger ( Yucca gloriosa) are smooth, whereas those on Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) are rough. Depending upon location, Spanish bayonet yucca produces stunning 2-foot (61 cm.) Spanish Bayonet (Adam’s Needle) (Dried Fruit Capsules). Spanish bayonet is common in Missouri, occurring on roadsides, railroads, abandoned homes, and gardens. The white blooms atop the Spanish Bayonet plants are quite spectacular and last for a long time. Note how fibers split and curl away from the leaf margins. Yuccas can tolerate very dry soils and neglect. Plant a Spanish Bayonet underneath a window and you'll never be visited by a … 57 Rock (gravel) ***Available in bags and scoops. It has a clump-forming habit, so plant width will vary depending on how many offshoots are allowed to grow. The fruit of Spanish bayonet is also edible and was also used medicinally. Plants should be placed in positions away from direct contact with people because of the stiff spines on the tips of the leaves. Genus Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers . English names: blue yucca, Spanish bayonet, Thornber yucca Spanish names: dátil (date), palma criolla (creole or native palm) Description. wide blades are so sharp that they can cut through clothing and pierce skin beneath. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Its rigid green leaves are about 2 feet long and 2 inches wide. In present time, Spanish bayonet is mostly grown as a dramatic landscape plant. Spanish bayonet can be propagated by division of offshoots or by seed. Peek carefully into the yucca/soapweed flowers: the moths will be about the same color as the petals! Range. While you can use this sharp plant to your advantage, growing Spanish bayonet yucca near walkways or other areas frequently travelled by people and pets, especially young children, is not recommended. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! This plant is native to the southern regions of the United States. The moths and their food plants are an amazing example of mutualism: The moth larvae, hatching from eggs laid in the pistil of the yucca flower, will eat some but not all of the yucca’s hundreds of developing seeds. Spanish bayonet looks very similar to another yucca, Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa). Its rigid green leaves are about 2 feet long and 2 inches wide. Abundance: common What: young flowers; flower stalks on both thick and thin-leaf yuccas before flowers appear; edible fruit of thick-leaf yucca (Yucca treculeana). Crodiaeum Variegatum (Croton species) Grows in full sun, but prefers some shade. It is in leaf all year, in flower in August. The name is also applied to other similar plants of the Southwestern This yucca forms irregular rising stems, usually 1 to 3 per plant. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. In Southern Arizona, it reaches an average height of about 10 feet tall and clumps to about 10 feet wide. Its stocky trunk may be branched or unbranched. Yucca baccata - The Banana Yucca forms tough, stiff and thick succulent sword-like leaves. If this is a Spanish bayonet, it will reach 8 ft. tall or more and almost as wide. Plant a Spanish Bayonet underneath a window and you'll never be visited by a … The roots were used to make soap, the leaves to make baskets and the fibers to make string. Many people, however, have no ill effects from eating the raw flower petals. photograph by Forest and Kim Starr. These flowers last for a few weeks and are edible. Erect clusters on a stalk about 2 ' tall offshoots are allowed to grow faster through Utah along... 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